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Additional collections of scanned books, articles, and other texts (usually organized by topic) are presented here.

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The Study of Community College Structures for Student Success (SCCSSS) was launched in 2010 with three goals at its center: (1) To explore a set of promising institutional practices and organizational structures identified through theory and research as having the potential to support community college student success; (2) To present a synthesized overview, or matrix, of these promising practices and structures as a tool for community college leaders and practitioners; and (3) To collect...
Topics: ERIC Archive, School Holding Power, Community Colleges, Focus Groups, Academic Achievement,...
Securing a higher level of performance in all schools in all settings has been a major priority of governments in Australia for nearly 40 years. With the first decade of the 21st century drawing to a close, a sense of urgency has grown. The Australian federal government is seeking an education revolution through an unprecedented partnership with state governments, known as "new federalism." While the term "turn-around school" has not been adopted in Australia, policymakers...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Federal State Relationship, Educational Change, School Turnaround,...
This case study describes the school turnaround programs underway as of summer 2009 in Ontario, Canada. In particular, it focuses on the policies and efforts of the Ontario Ministry of Education (MOE) and an MOE department, the Literacy and Numeracy Secretariat (LNS), to support low-performing schools across the province. The report begins with a description of public schooling in Ontario, followed by a review of the existing school improvement efforts, especially those related to specific...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Improvement, Numeracy, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, State...
Across focus groups consisting of current and former community college students in four states (Florida, North Carolina, Ohio, and Texas), a consistent message resounded: Students want to be more connected to their colleges, from the moment they enter until the day they complete their studies. They want to feel more connected to faculty, staff, and peers. They want to be more engaged by their classes and to feel more supported by services they receive. And they want to see colleges be more...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Student Attitudes, Community Colleges, College Students, Focus Groups, Student...
This case study explores the United Kingdom's (UK's) approach to improving low-performing schools and presents lessons learned that could be applied in other countries. The study: (1) Gives an overview of the overall structure of UK schools; (2) Provides a context for the country's school-improvement efforts; (3) Reviews the different types of evidence used to inform school improvement strategies and how those strategies have evolved over time; and (4) Describes how poor performance was...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Improvement, Foreign Countries, Case Studies, Educational Change,...
New Zealand (NZ), a small country of 4.3 million people, has a single national education system. Local authorities have no role in education in NZ, nor are there any school districts. There are four national government education agencies: (1) The Ministry of Education (MOE), established under the Education Act of 1989, is responsible for education policy advice to the government and implementation of government policy, including regulating the New Zealand Curriculum and the National Education...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Case Studies, Governance, Educational...
The validity of speech act data taken from different kinds of elicitation instruments has been widely discussed in interlangauge and cross cultural pragmatics literature. In this study an attempt is made to evaluate and investigate data taken from two of the most popular speech act instruments namely, written DCT and closed role play. The responses of forty Iranian university students in their native language (Persian) were investigated across the speech act of request. The distinguishing...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Role Playing, Validity, Speech Acts, Social Status, Foreign Countries, Native...
Quality manpower production is not just essential for national development, but very critical to national security and quick economic recovery in most of today's fragile economies of the world. This paper assessed the participation of prospective employers as relevant interest groups in the development of academic programmes in tertiary institutions and the adequacy of the skilled manpower being produced from these programmes in meeting the manpower needs of the economy. Academic Programme...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Program Development, Labor Force Development, Discussion Groups, Participation, Labor...
With the continuing development of the Artist Teacher Scheme (ATS) it seems an opportune moment to ask the question: What is it to be an artist teacher in England today? The term "artist teacher" and the concept it reflects are initially viewed here in a historical context. A conceptual model based on previous research into the education of artist teachers is proposed as a response to the ontological question. In this model artist teachers are understood as individuals committed to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Artists, Art Education, Foreign Countries, Art Teachers, Faculty Development,...
Although the quantity of education is widely used to measure the economical and social performances of educative systems, only a few works have addressed the issue of equity in education. In this work, we have calculated two measures of inequality in education based on Barro and Lee's (2010) data: the Gini index of education and the standard deviation of schooling. The sample comprises 15 countries from the MENA region over the period 1950-2010. We used hierarchical clustering to control for...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Equal Education, Age Groups, Foreign Countries, Classification, Economic Development,...
During the past few years, child research has increased both when it comes to various disciplines and various methods. The purpose of this article is to discuss those common, special ethical viewpoints that the researcher has to take into consideration when conducting action research in the classroom. The article is based on the teacher-researcher's action research which was carried out among 7-9-year-old pupils (N = 21). The purpose was to study their emotional coping. The focus is on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Ethics, Action Research, Elementary School Students, Coping, Teacher Researchers,...
Even though the tradition of kindergartens in Croatia is a long one, it is only since the last decade that kindergartens in the Republic of Croatia have been regarded as communities that learn. For many years, the function of traditional kindergartens was determined by the philosophy and the beliefs of a totalitarian socialistic social order which, with the transition to democracy, accepted new paradigms about a child's development, learning, institutional upbringing and the education of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Cultural Awareness, Cultural Influences, Child...
253 freshmen taking Freshman English from a university of technology in the central Taiwan participated in this study. The purposes of this research were to explore what learning strategy was used more frequently by college students and to investigate the variance of using learning strategies among students of different English proficiency levels. The results indicated that the most frequently used strategy in learning English was Compensation and followed by Affective, Social, Memory,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
The study assessed the impact of a World Bank Assisted Project "STEP-B" on teaching and learning of Science, Technology and Mathematics Education (STM) in Nigeria. It also described the contribution of Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife to the improvement of STM through research development, utilization of ICT, human resources and Educational Technology infrastructure in Post Basic Education Institutions (PBEIs) in Nigeria. A sample of 360 participants was used. They were selected...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Higher Education, Science Education, Technology Education,...
The aim of this study is to measure the consistency of beliefs about mathematics teaching and learning, and the perception of the effectiveness of prospective teachers. A total of 554 prospective teachers studying in the Kocaeli University, including 306 mathematics and 248 elementary prospective teachers participated in the research. Mathematics Beliefs Instrument was applied to the mathematics and elementary prospective teachers. In conclusion, it has been understood that majority of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Mathematics Instruction, Teacher Effectiveness, Preservice...
"Social Research Methods," as a methodology course, combines theories and practices closely. Based on the synergy theory, this paper tries to establish an integrated multi-level bilingual teaching mode. Starting from the transformation of teaching concepts, we should integrate interactions, experiences, and researches together and focus on cultivating innovative and practical international talents.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Social Science Research, Research Methodology, Bilingual Education, Foreign...
This co-relational study explored the relationship between reading self-efficacy beliefs, reading strategies use and reading comprehension level of Iranian EFL learners. In this study, Michigan reading comprehension test, a self-reported Reading Strategy Use Questionnaire, and a Reading Self-efficacy Questionnaire were administered to eighty Junior and Senior EFL students. The results of Spearman Correlation coefficient, descriptive statistics, and Canonical correlation indicated that a) there...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Self Efficacy, Beliefs, Reading Strategies, Reading Comprehension,...
The present article reports the findings of a study that explored(1) whether direct written corrective feedback (CF) can help high-proficient L2 learners, who has already achieved a rather high level of accuracy in English, improve in the accurate use of two functions of English articles (the use of "a" for first mention and "the" for subsequent or anaphoric mentions); and (2) whether there are any differential effects in providing the two different types of direct written...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Grammar, English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Accuracy, Feedback...
Writing is one of the four skills in language learning and it should be paid more attention. In this regard, creating contexts which is value coherence in pragmatic level, and cohesion in semantic level is important. Knowledge about the discourse Markers (DMs), amongst other things, be used to improve writing skill. DMs are expression such as "now, well, so, which signal a sequential relationship between the current basic message and previous discourse. The present paper focuses on the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second Language Instruction,...
Fiscal federalism deals with the sharing of resources in a federated nation. Over the years problems about local government finance have become an important aspect of intergovernmental relations. Constitutionally, local government is the third tier of government which exists as an independent entity, possessing some degree of autonomy and sovereignty. However, its capability to perform its constitutionally mandated functions is beleaguered by the problem of inadequate revenue. In Nigeria, a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Local Government, Revenue Sharing, Federal State Relationship,...
In this study we surveyed 98 migrant or minority students in the Oslo and Follo areas of Norway about their experiences of school. We also surveyed 50 teachers who were teaching in those schools about their background information and teaching practices and how that might impact on student learning. We then followed 32 of the 98 students 3 years later to find out what these students felt about the role of the school and teachers in supporting their learning and its contribution to their success...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Student Attitudes, Minority Group Students, Teacher Competencies,...
The benefits of integrated understanding of the issues, acquisition of the knowledge and the skills, understanding of the right perspectives, and development of appropriate values in respect of the intertwined actions and reactions of environment, economy and society make Education for Sustainability(EfS) an innovation that must be explored--more importantly for communication within the formal education sector, because such learning may be more sustainable than the one received through the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Sustainability, Teacher Education Programs, Teacher Education...
This paper reports the development of a pilot study which aims to identify a medical student's experience and perceptions towards team placement learning and how closely those experiences and perceptions link to the author's main project--a longitudinal, multiple-method case study, which is designed to investigate how medical students learn in a multi-professional clinical context, and how multi- and inter-professional contact influences the transition from "thinking as a student," to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Pilot Projects, Medical Students, Clinical Experience, Student Placement,...
Technological advancement has been related to national economic growth and poverty reduction by both national and international analysts. Development of indigenous skills (handicrafts or handiwork) is seen as central to successful administration of indigenous skill development critical for solution of contemporary problems in society. In Nigeria, the desire to develop local craft as a basis for technology appreciation and application is well articulated in the National Policy on Education,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Technological Advancement, Handicrafts, Elementary Secondary...
This paper focuses on connecting natural sciences education with Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT). In this sense, natural sciences education is considered as a lifelong learning procedure, not seen as an individual but as a collective activity. Moreover, learning becomes a human activity in which theory and praxis are strongly connected and learning outcomes are obviously seen in society and culture. The paper is a review of five years research on natural sciences education from a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Natural Sciences, Lifelong Learning, Learning Activities, Praxis, Early Childhood...
This study examined the impact of publication bias on a meta-analysis of empirical studies on validity of University Matriculation Examinations in Nigeria with a view to determine the level of difference between published and unpublished articles. Specifically, the design was an ex-post facto, a causal comparative design. The sample size consisted of 30 empirical studies selected on the basis of empirical status and relevance. The characteristics of these studies were recorded, coded and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Meta Analysis, Foreign Countries, Exit Examinations, Effect Size, Bias, Publications,...
This paper focused on the use of computer technology in the teaching and learning of graphic arts in Nigeria colleges of Education. Osun State Colleges of Education Ila-Orangun was used as a case study. The population of the study consisted of all Graphic students in Nigeria colleges of Education. 50 subjects were used for the study while questionnaires were used to gather data. The data collected were analyzed using simple percentages. The results of the analyzed data revealed that computer...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Computers, Computer Uses in Education, Influence of Technology, Graphic Arts, Schools...
The 3-parameter model of Item Response Theory gives the probability of an individual (examinee) responding correctly to an item without being sure of all the facts. That is known as guessing. Guessing could be a strategy employed by examinees to earn more marks. The way an item is constructed could expose the item to guessing by the examinee. A study on comparison of the Psychometric properties of the Biology Examinations conducted by West African Examination Council and National Examination...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Item Response Theory, Test Items, Guessing (Tests), Probability, Psychometrics,...
In China, the conflict of university talents training program and market demands is increasingly attracting public attention. In order to satisfy the markets, the graduates should have abilities of combining theoretical knowledge with practice. Aiming at the issue of combining theoretical and practical knowledge, this paper takes construction management major students in HNCU as the case to expand research. Based on quantitative study, this paper extracts 3 themes and 10 subthemes through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Statistical Analysis, Construction Management, Majors (Students),...
This descriptive study determined which of the sources of errors would predict the errors committed by novice Java programmers. Descriptive statistics revealed that the respondents perceived that they committed the identified eighteen errors infrequently. Thought error was perceived to be the main source of error during the laboratory programming exercises. Factor analysis showed that there were five categories for the types of errors committed. Four of them were symbol- or keyword-related...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Error Patterns, Programming, Programming Languages, Predictor Variables, Statistical...
This study was set up to further investigate whether either of the instruction types, explicit vs. implicit, proves more efficient in ameliorating pragmatic performance of Iranian EFL learners. The speech act under investigation in this quasi-experimental study was refusal. Sixty Iranian learners of English as a foreign language participated in this study in which they were assigned to three groups of explicit, implicit, and control. All groups were exposed to conversations from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Direct...
The study investigated the level of comfortability, adequacy of training/skills, influence of gender and years of experience on teachers preference for specialized teaching. Survey research design was adopted, and 254 teachers in Osun state, Nigeria participated in the study. Questionnaire on advocacy for specialised teaching in public primary schools was used to elicit information from the respondents. The result showed that 52% of the teachers were not comfortable with generalised teaching....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Elementary School Teachers, Public Schools, Public School...
With the policy of reform and opening-up as well as its economic development, China is recruiting more and more international students in many of its universities. Intercultural communication problems in Chinese campuses, however, have until now been seldom mentioned. This paper is an attempt to contribute something to this almost neglected issue in China. Mainly directed at international students coming to China, it has discussed the treatment of intercultural communication anxiety through...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Anxiety, Intercultural Communication, Foreign Students, Cultural...
The study determined the available Physics Laboratory Equipment (PLE) for the teaching and learning of physics in senior secondary schools in Nigeria as well as the extent of utilizing the available equipment. The research design adopted for the study was descriptive survey. The sample consisted of nine hundred students who were randomly chosen and fifty Physics teachers who were purposively selected from forty five senior secondary schools in the south western region of Nigeria. Three...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Achievement, Science Instruction, Physics, Laboratory Equipment, Secondary...
The present study sheds light on teaching English through two ways of questioning (Socratic & Traditional) methods in Kuwaiti elementary public schools. Data were collected through a qualitative observational method. The study engaged 15 female participants, seven of whom were newly graduate English language teachers with experience in how Socratic questioning works, while the other eight teachers had >10 years experience in teaching English as a foreign language. The study revealed...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Questioning Techniques, Teaching Methods, Second Language...
This study reports the validity of the hypothesis that students' perceptions of the learning environment of mathematics classroom may predict their attitudes and self-esteem towards mathematics. It examines data from 487 grade 9th students from 14 mathematics classes in 7 Vietnamese lower secondary schools to identify how students' perceptions of the learning environment variables, and the extent to which these predict the attitudes and self-esteem. The results obtained from correlation and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Secondary School Students, Grade 9, Student Attitudes, Self Esteem, Secondary School...
The main purpose of this study is to investigate leadership among secondary school Agricultural Science teachers and their job performance in Akwa Ibom State. To achieve the aim of this study, three research hypotheses were generated to direct the study. Literature was reviewed based on the variables derived from the postulated hypotheses. Survey research design was adopted for the study. Four hundred (400) respondents were randomly selected for the study. The selection was done through the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Agricultural Education, Secondary School Teachers, Job...
This study examined the influence of language knowledge, metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive strategy use on speaking and listening proficiency. Ninety six freshman and sophomore Iranian university students (male = 6, female = 90) were participated in the study. Two kinds of questionnaire and one language knowledge test were administered. Pearson product moment correlation was applied to find the relationship between the variables and speaking and listening proficiency. Multiple...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Metacognition, Linguistic Competence, Listening, Speech Communication, Speech Skills,...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 21, 2018 ERIC
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Only those individuals who are prepared for the professional challenges of the 21st century can aptly respond to them. The quality of the educational-upbringing system, in particular the preliminary one, which is early childhood and pre-school education, is the priority for every society which has a clear development strategy and which has a systematic educational policy. Particular attention, therefore, should be devoted to the initial training and continuing professional development of the...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Teacher Competencies, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Faculty...
Dynamic assessment as a complementary approach to traditional static assessment emphasizes the learning process and accounts for the amount and nature of examiner investment. The present qualitative study analyzed interactions for 270 reading test items which were recorded and tape scripted. The reading ability of 9 EFL participants at three proficiency levels of high, mid, and low were assessed dynamically during five weeks of this study. The findings revealed five major data type only...
Topics: ERIC Archive, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Learning Processes, Evaluation...
The study sought the opinions of Faculty of Education Students of University of Uyo on the behavioural problems of juvenile street hawkers in Uyo metropolis. Five research hypotheses were formulated to guide the study. This cross-sectional survey employed multi-stage random sampling technique in selecting 200 regular undergraduate students in the Education Faculty of the University of Uyo for the study. The Juvenile Street Hawkers Opinioniare (JUVSHO) developed by the researchers was used in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Behavior Problems, Delinquency, Undergraduate Students,...
The present study aims to examine the relationship of career decision-making difficulties, dysfunctional career thoughts and generalized self-efficacy, as factors involved in the decision-making process for university students. The study also investigates the influence of demographics and individual variables, and examines the predictive power of the Career Decision-making Difficulties Questionnaire (CDDQ) and the Generalized Self-Efficacy Scale (GSE) over the dimensions assessed by the Career...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Decision Making, Career Choice, Self Efficacy, College Students, Measures...
While a number of studies have investigated the relationship between motivation and foreign or second language learning outcomes, the process of how such motivation transforms into successful learning outcomes is relatively unexplored. Interviewing a group of four participants, this study seeks to understand how college English as a Foreign Language (EFL) students produce successful learning outcomes, and to suggest some theoretical as well as practical implications of the transformation. In...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Learning Motivation, English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Second...
The paper places secondary education in a strategic position in the Nigerian education system. It clarifies issues surrounding the misplacement of standard as against quality when examining the success or failure of secondary education on yearly basis. The paper concludes that the standard of education has not fallen in Nigeria, but that it is the quality of education that is vast declining and all stakeholders in the education have a lot of roles to play to get the quality back on track.
Topics: ERIC Archive, Academic Standards, Educational Quality, Foreign Countries, Secondary Education,...
This study uses a VAR model to analyse the dynamic relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) and domestic investment (DI) in Rwanda for the period 1970 to 2011. Several selection lag criteria chose a maximum lag of one, and a bivariate VAR(1) model specification in levels was adopted. Unit root tests show that both GDP and DI series are nonstationary in levels but stationary in first differences, implying that both are integrated of order one I(1). Tests of cointegration established...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Investment, Foreign Countries, Economic Development, Regression (Statistics),...
Education Resources Information Center (ERIC) Archive
Oct 21, 2018 ERIC
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The main goal of this study is to evaluate primary teacher education programs in Croatia. Prior to evaluation of the primary teacher education programs, expected primary teacher education competencies were defined. The expected teacher competencies were determined according to the goals stated in the Croatian national curriculum. In addition, international guidelines for information literacy development among primary education teachers were used. An extensive literature review on information...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Information Literacy, Teacher Education Programs, Standards, Elementary School...
Our study focussed on the cognitive achievement potential of low achieving eighth graders, dealing with drug prevention (cannabis). The learning process was guided by a teacher, leading this target group towards a modified learning at workstations which is seen as an appropriate approach for low achievers. We compared this specific open teaching approach with both, a conventional learning at workstations and a traditional teacher-centered approach. Two types of students of lowest stratification...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Workstations, Prevention, Drug Abuse, Low Achievement, Pretests Posttests, Foreign...
This study identified the nature of principals' supervisory roles and the perceived effectiveness of principals in the supervision of teachers' instructional tasks. Furthermore, it investigated the constraints faced by principals in the performance of supervisory duties in the teaching-learning process. This was with a view to providing information on the utilisation of principals' roles in enhancing quality assurance in secondary schools. The study employed the descriptive survey design. The...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Administrator Role, Principals, Quality Assurance, Foreign Countries, Administrator...
This study aims to examine the metaphors selected by two hundred and forty Iranian B.A and eighty eight M.A students about their professors' roles. The participants were asked to select their preferred metaphors among twenty one metaphors of the checklist about their professors. The metaphors were then categorized based on Goffman's Footing Theory. The results revealed that professors teaching at B.A level mostly take on principal and author roles while professor teaching at M.A level take on...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Comparative Analysis, College Faculty, Teacher Role, English (Second Language),...
Media are inseparable from upbringing and education. Different information sources should be a supplement to the basic educational relation between the teacher and students. But, immediate and dialogue based relation between the students and teacher, and between parents and their children, cannot be replaced or suppressed by any type of media interference. The final aim for the students/children is to critically approach information and to achieve their development of independent learning in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Secondary School Students,...
The study examined the Parental Attitude towards Adolescent Sexual Behaviour in Akoko Edo and Estako--West Local Government Areas, Edo State, Nigeria. A descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The sample size of 600 parents--350 (58.39%) fathers and 250 (41.7%) mothers--was purposively selected from the two local government areas for the study. This was complemented with focus group discussion conducted with 20 (twenty) parents currently teaching in 8 secondary schools in...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Parent Attitudes, Sexuality, Foreign Countries, Surveys, Sample Size, Focus Groups,...
This article reports on a research study that examined 25 reflective papers written by pre-service teachers a few weeks into attending primary teacher education. The overall aim of the study was to gain insight into the students' thoughts and ways of reflecting as a basis for taking action to improve lecturing, tasks and exercises which promote reflection in the primary teacher education program. The students were asked to write a paper reflecting upon "The teacher I want to become"....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Preservice Teachers, Preservice Teacher Education, Reflection, Foreign Countries,...
The family is a paramount source of happiness, giving individuals a sense of place that is relevant to developing satisfaction and fulfilment. Consequently, this study examined the attitude of retiring HeadMasters and Assistant HeadMasters' towards family involvement in pre-retirement preparation in Ondo State, Nigeria. Using descriptive survey, 150 participants were purposively drawn from three Local Government Areas accidentally selected for the study. ''Family Involvement in Pre-retirement...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Principals, Retirement, Preretirement Education, Assistant...
This article started with a brief review of the history and current situation of Chinese MBA education and its internationalization and localization. Then, the author presented the opportunities faced of China's MBA education. Furthermore, the challenges faced by Chinese MBA education in the globalization process together with their implications were also discussed. At the end of this paper, the author gave some recommendations on the reforms and innovations for the Localization and...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Masters Degrees, Business Administration Education, Foreign Countries, Educational...
Our study investigated the effect of utilizing home related science activities on student's performance in some basic science concepts. The concepts considered were heart energy, ecology and mixtures. The sample consisted of two hundred and forty (240) basic junior secondary two (BJSS11) students drawn from a population of five thousand and seventy six (5,076) students in two Local Government Areas of Bayelsa State. A quasi-experimental with a pretest posttest control group design was adopted....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Activities, Science Instruction, Academic Achievement, Pretests Posttests,...
Education is seen as the bedrock of a nation's development and for any sustainable programme to take place, human factor, especially the community where the programme is taking place has to be considered. The inputs of the school are from the community and the products of the school service or engineer the community. It is in this context that, this paper assesses the significant roles played by community education in the management and sustainability of UBE programme in Nigeria. Concept of...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Community Education, Foreign Countries, Sustainability, Program Implementation,...
The purpose of this paper was to examine the concept of poverty and its causes in Nigeria and to analyze how adult and non-formal education programs can be utilized to reduce rural poverty in Nigeria. In spite of Nigeria's affluence in human and material resources, it is classified among countries with high level of poverty. Incidentally, the incidence of poverty in Nigeria assumes wider dimensions in rural areas where larger proportion of the population (about 70%) reside mainly as subsistence...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Adult Education, Nonformal Education, Rural Areas, Poverty, Poverty Areas, Foreign...
This paper discusses issues relating to sustainable development and effective management of early childhood education. The child is the "owner" of the future. The problems that confront the current generation are complex and serious that cannot be addressed in the same way they were created. But they can be addressed. The concept of sustainable development is an attempt to shape thought in global systemic perspective as well as secure a future. The future is the children heritage who...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Early Childhood Education, Sustainable Development, Global Approach, Educational...
This research examines the development of self-awareness in students as they strive to adapt themselves to their current environment. The significant social factors that immerge include; culture, religion, language; economic status, family integration and work experience. Also considered are the relationships of students with teachers and classmates in a more restricted academic context, a third concern is the theme of autonomy and how students adjust themselves to their field of study....
Topics: ERIC Archive, Higher Education, Social Change, Metacognition, Social Influences, Teacher Student...
One of the limitations of the meaning focused instruction in an EFL situation such as Iran is that a communicative approach helps Iranian learners to become fluent, but is insufficient to ensure comparable levels of oral accuracy. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether planned focus on form, and also what type of corrective feedback, would be useful for Iranian EFL learners' oral accuracy. To this end, the study employed a quasi experimental design. Three intact classes were...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Second Language Instruction, English (Second Language), Oral...
This study uses history of science in teaching natural sciences from the early grades. The theoretical framework used is Cultural Historical Activity Theory (CHAT), which is a theory with expanding applications in different fields of science. The didactical scenario, in which history of science is used in a CHAT context, refers to Newton's presentation of color theory to the scientific society. The question addressed in this study is to connect the history of science with science teaching from...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, Color, Foreign Countries, Science History, Natural Sciences,...
Modern education the world over now envisions achievement of science and technological advancement for economic growth and poverty reduction. The imperative is for teachers to deliver instruction in vocational skills, attitudes, understanding and knowledge related to occupations in various sectors of the Nigerian economic and social life. If we believe that the quality of an educational system is a correlate of teacher quality then, logically, the teacher should be the first to acquire this...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Vocational Education, Vocational Education Teachers, Teacher...
This paper describes an applied research study conducted to find solutions for the problem of the use of physical punishment in schools in the Kampala District of Uganda. In this study stakeholders were requested to state their actions and feelings towards the use of physical punishment in schools. The objective of the study was to investigate attitudes of stakeholders towards physical punishment in schools, find out circumstances which commonly lead to physical punishment, and explore...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Punishment, Qualitative Research, Statistical Analysis, Interviews, Questionnaires,...
We present a quantitative evaluation of the effectiveness of a newly developed introductory course, Geology of Mexico, in attracting Hispanic students, encouraging them to take more geology courses, and recruiting them to the major. The student population in the Geology of Mexico course was 93% Hispanic compared with 18.5% in Physical Geology. We found that Hispanic students in Physical Geology earned lower grades than did nonminority students, while Hispanic students in Geology of Mexico...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Geology, Hispanic American Students, Statistical Analysis,...
Constructing concept sketches (diagrams annotated with short captions in which students demonstrate their understanding of form, process, and interactions) provides a new and different way to teach Earth surface processes and assess the depth of student learning. During a semester-long course in Geomorphology, we used concept sketches as an icebreaker, as a means to help students place field observations in a spatial context, and as a catalyst for understanding complex graphical presentations...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Science Instruction, College Science, Undergraduate Students, Earth Science, Freehand...
Rivers are important surficial geologic processes that shape Earth's landscape. Students' conceptions of river features and processes serve as a foundation for their learning of new river concepts. Despite the importance of rivers and students' conceptions of them, little research has focused on identifying students' river conceptions. This study investigated students' conceptions of the role of river processes in canyon formation. In-depth interviews with 18 college students were conducted,...
Topics: ERIC Archive, College Students, Student Attitudes, Natural Resources, Earth Science, Water,...
Mineralogy is a core topic for tertiary geoscience programs worldwide. We report on the use of laboratory group work as an effective and integral part of a new introductory mineralogy curriculum at the University of British Columbia. The new laboratory curriculum was developed by incorporating student feedback with evidence-based pedagogies. These pedagogies include (1) learning goal-based restructuring of content, (2) use of applied topics (e.g., economic mineralogy) and custom projects to...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, College Students, Curriculum Development, Cooperative Learning,...
This paper discusses the development and results of a new tool used for measuring shifts in students' perceptions of earth and ocean sciences called the Student Perceptions about Earth Sciences Survey (SPESS). The survey measures where students lie on the novice--expert continuum, and how their perceptions change after taking one or more earth and ocean science course(s). The survey is composed of 29 statements that have been validated with expert responses and student interviews. Factor...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Earth Science, Oceanography, Student Attitudes, Student Surveys, Attitude Measures,...
Two-thirds of U.S. citizens do not understand the scientific process. There is a clear misunderstanding about what science is--and is not--both in our society and in the classroom. Furthermore, students below basic proficiency are locked into an achievement gap. In response, the No Child Left Behind Act was passed in 2001. Since then, there has been some progress in decreasing the achievement gap. However, according to The Nation's Report Card, 34% of fourth grade and 43% of eighth grade...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Achievement Gap, National Competency Tests, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6, Grade...
Do students really enroll in Introductory Geology because they think it is "rocks for jocks"? In this study, we examine the widely held assumption that students view geology as a qualitative and remedial option for fulfilling a general education requirement. We present the first quantitative characterization of a large number of Introductory Geology students, their demographic characteristics and motivations at the start of the course, and their reasons for enrolling. More than 1,000...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Undergraduate Students, Introductory Courses, Geology, Student Attitudes, Student...
There is a persisting gap in the participation of women in atmospheric science (ATS), particularly at the higher levels of ATS education and occupations. This gap raises questions about ATS women's career motives, plans, and challenges relative to men's. To explore these questions, in-depth interviews were conducted with 10 female and male ATS graduate students. Both women and men described their ATS choice as the result of random events--though both also mentioned memories of childhood severe...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Earth Science, Gender Differences, Achievement Gap, Graduate Students, Student...
The sustainable development of an economy and a society cannot be realized without the help of modern geoscience. Engineering geology knowledge is necessary on a civil engineering construction site to ensure the construction work goes smoothly. This paper first discusses the importance of geoscience, especially the study of engineering geology. Then, the current Chinese engineering geology course for civil engineering students is summarized. The engineering geology course at Shijiazhuang Tiedao...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Geology, Civil Engineering, Undergraduate Students, Foreign Countries, Construction...
Geology is increasingly involved in the planning and implementation of community development projects throughout the globe. A partnership among the Water For Life organization, Wheaton College in Illinois, and the village of Tushile in Kosovo during the past few years has proven to be successful in potentially sustainable improvements, including water resources, sanitation, and soils use. The initiative also provides a fine example of experiential education. Geology majors serve via highquality...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Earth Science, Science Instruction, Partnerships in Education,...
Nigeria (total land area of 923,768 km2 ) is underlain by a crystalline Precambrian basement, Jurassic granites, and Cretaceous to Recent sedimentary rocks, and is prone in places to environmental degradation and geohazards. The country hosts approximately 34 different mineral types in about 855 locations with considerable oil and gas reserves. Given this background and with less than 0.004% of the country's population being professional geoscientists, this study sets out to ascertain, across a...
Topics: ERIC Archive, Foreign Countries, Earth Science, Geology, Mineralogy, Knowledge Level, Fuels,...
Native American nations in the United States have a unique legal status that is rooted in a complex relationship between the United States federal government, individual state and local governments and tribal authorities. Although geosciences are often at the center of these relationships, especially as they pertain to the development of natural resources, tribal economics, and environmental stewardship, Native Americans remain severely underrepresented in advanced geoscience education. We...
Topics: ERIC Archive, American Indians, Disproportionate Representation, Earth Science, Culturally Relevant...